Jewish Art of Antiquity (ART-301)
Upon successful completion of the exam, students will be able to: identify artistic motivations of Jewish art of Antiquity; describe the key features of Jewish art of Antiquity; trace the development of popular motifs in Jewish art; compare and contrast Jewish art of Antiquity from different places; compare and contrast Jewish art of Late Antiquity with that of nearby cultures; identify strengths and weaknesses of various theories of art interpretation as they apply to Jewish art of Antiquity; explain changes in Jewish art from the Second Temple period through the end of Late Antiquity; analyze Jewish art of Antiquity from multiple perspectives, including political, social, and religious; and apply rabbinic sources to questions of Jewish art.
Jewish Art of Antiquity examines visual Judaism from the time of the settlement of the Jewish people in the Land of Israel, including major emphasis on Late Antiquity. This includes knowledge of the major archaeological finds from that period in both Israel and the Diaspora, and what makes each significant. The exam presents a variety of interpretations of these pieces and analyzes the debates over various theories of interpretation. Social, political, and religious contexts are examined to better understand the meaning of the art. Comparisons are made between different works from the period. Special attention is given to the rabbinic view on art and specific types of art, and what level of influence the rabbis may have had over the producers of the art in this period.
In the upper division baccalaureate degree category, 3 semester hours in Art, Biblical Studies, History, Judaic Studies, Near Eastern Studies, or Religious Studies (6/17).
The Music of the Orthodox Jew from Antiquity through the Twentieth Century (MUS-301)
Upon successful completion of the exam, students will be able to: identify the essential components of traditional Jewish music; compare and contrast Jewish music to the music of other ethnic groups amongst whom Jews have lived; link various trends in Jewish music to common roots; describe the theological and philosophical background to Jewish musical tendencies; compare and contrast the synagogue and folk music of different Jewish communities; apply knowledge of Jewish music to understand the historical underpinnings of any given piece of music; identify the changes that have occurred to Jewish music throughout the years and trace their sources; and provide historical background for the state of Jewish music today.
This exam assesses students’ knowledge of the music of the Orthodox Jew from antiquity through the end of the twentieth century, including the instruments known from the First and Second Temple and how they were used. It also covers the history of synagogue music for prayer and cantillation of the Bible and traces the development of the art of chazzanus and the folk song. Numerous Jewish cultures, both Ashkenazic and Sephardic will be discussed. Students discover how Jewish music developed in different circumstances and ultimately examine how the music of the Orthodox community became what it is today.
In the upper division baccalaureate degree category, 3 semester hours in Music, Jewish History, or History of Music (6/17).